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He is brought before the tribal elders, revealing his identity to be N'Jadaka and claim to the throne. Killmonger challenges T'Challa to ritual combat, where he kills Zuri, defeats T'Challa, and hurls him over a waterfall to his presumed death. Killmonger ingests the heart-shaped herb and orders the rest incinerated, but Nakia extracts one first.

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Killmonger, supported by W'Kabi and his army, prepares to distribute shipments of Wakandan weapons to operatives around the world. W'Kabi and his army fight Shuri, Nakia, and the Dora Milaje, while Ross remotely pilots a jet and shoots down planes carrying the vibranium weapons. M'Baku and the Jabari arrive to reinforce T'Challa. Confronted by Okoye, W'Kabi and his army stand down. Fighting in Wakanda's vibranium mine, T'Challa disrupts Killmonger's suit and stabs him. Killmonger refuses to be healed, choosing to die a free man rather than be incarcerated.

T'Challa establishes an outreach center at the building where N'Jobu died, to be run by Nakia and Shuri. In a mid-credits scene, T'Challa appears before the United Nations to reveal Wakanda's true nature to the world. In a post-credits scene, Shuri helps Bucky Barnes with his recuperation.

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Brown plays his brother N'Jobu, who is Killmonger's father. In June , Wesley Snipes announced his intention to make a film about Black Panther , [57] and began work on it by that August. In July , Black Panther was listed as part of Marvel Comics ' film slate, [66] and in March , Marvel reportedly hired Joe Quesada and Jimmy Palmiotti , who at the time were editors of the Black Panther comics, to work on it; [67] [59] Quesada and Palmiotti have both denied this.

So I'm not going to say for sure that we're going to hire from any one demographic". He added that they had met with former Black Panther comics writer Reginald Hudlin. Gary Gray and Ryan Coogler had been considered as directors for the film, [92] [93] though negotiations with Coogler had cooled, [93] and Gray had chosen to direct The Fate of the Furious instead.

Coogler was confirmed as director in January , [97] and said that the film was his "most personal movie to date" in part because he grew up reading comics, [98] [99] adding, "I feel really fortunate to be able to work on something I'm this passionate about again. In April , Feige said that Coogler was working on the script with Cole, and that filming would begin at the beginning of Jordan joined in an undisclosed role, after previously working with Coogler on Fruitvale Station and Creed.

Also announced was Danai Gurira as Okoye. Coogler confirmed that filming would begin in January Brown as N'Jobu; [46] and Letitia Wright in an unspecified role.

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The setting was chosen due to Coogler growing up in that area. The production team was inspired by Ta-Nehisi Coates ' run on Black Panther , who was writing the comic at the same time as they were working on the film. Of particular inspiration was Coates' poetic dialogue, Brian Stelfreeze 's art, and "some of the questions that it's asking". Characters for the film were picked from throughout the comics based on what worked for the film's story.

Feige described Black Panther as "a big geopolitical action adventure" that focuses on family and T'Challa learning to be king, [] with Civil War laying the groundwork for T'Challa's morality and establishing the geopolitical landscape that he would have to deal with on returning to Wakanda.

He also watched the film A Prophet for inspiration. Cole called the film an historic opportunity to depict a black superhero "at a time when African-Americans are affirming their identities while dealing with vilification and dehumanization". It was important to root the film in the actual cultures of Africa, with the filmmakers consulting with experts on the region of Africa that Wakanda is supposed to be located in, [] rooting the film "in reality first and then build[ing] out from there".

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Special care was taken to create a futuristic look that was not alien, [10] as some of Jack Kirby's original comic designs appeared. Beachler wanted to honor the comic designs, but fill in the gaps with research concentrated on Sub-Saharan Africa , pulling inspiration from Uganda , Rwanda , Burundi , Congo-Kinshasa , Ethiopia , [] as well as the designs of Zaha Hadid , [10] and the pre-colonization architecture of the historic Mali Empire and the city of Timbuktu. Older locations depicted in the film, such as Warrior Falls, the City of the Dead, and the Hall of Kings, were juxtaposed with the more modern Afro-punk style of the Golden City, the capital.

Beachler created different sigils and architecture for each of the Wakandan tribes, with the Border Tribe inspired by Lesotho , the Merchant Tribe having a sigil based on Nigerian writing, and the Golden Tribe using a sun symbol found throughout Africa. Gorilla City, home to the Jabari Tribe, was originally set in a rain forest, but Coogler suggested that it be found up a mountain in snow. She consulted with mining and metallurgy experts for the vibranium technology, [16] : 15 including for the vibranium mine where the substance is depicted as glowing blue rocks before it is refined into the stainless steel look previously seen in the MCU.

The film also adapts the kimoyo bead technology from the comics, and features sand-based technology. Beachler wanted futuristic elements of the film to be consistent with projections of what real world technology may be like in 25 or 30 years, such as the maglev and hovercraft technology used in vehicles.

The Wakandan vehicles include a maglev train for carrying vibranium; the king's Royal Talon Fighter, which looks like a mask from the top and bottom; and the Dragon Flyer, inspired by the Congo peafowl. The majority of Beachler's sets were constructed on sound stages in Atlanta, including the Tribal Council, Shuri's design space, and the Hall of Kings. The Tribal Council set was built with a glass floor through which an old ruin can be seen. The exterior set for Warrior Falls was built on a backlot north of Atlanta, and was inspired by the Oribi Gorge.

A framework for the cliffs was hand-sculpted from industrial styrofoam, with a system of tunnels built-in to the design to allow extras to climb up to different areas of the cliffs. The pool was filled using six large pumps, so as to create a waterfall above the ledge at the bottom. The base of the pool was made from padding so stunts could safely be carried out on the set, but designed to look like rocks and to have enough grip that the actors would not fall over in the water.

The set was completed in four months, and was used for two weeks of filming. Costume designer Ruth E. The Dora Milaje costumes primarily used red to reflect different African cultures, and included beaded tabards that feature talismans that would be passed down from mother to daughter.

Carter wanted to avoid the "girls in the bathing suits" look, and instead have the Dora Milaje wear full armor that they would practically need for battle. She also had to take actors' stunt work into consideration. The arm band and neck rings were a reference to the Southern Ndebele people and denote stature.

As such, General Okoye has gold bands and rings while the other Dora Milaje wear silver. The costumes for T'Challa combined his role as king and as the head of the military, including combining a kente cloth cloak with military boots. The Wakandans wear "normal" clothes outside of the country, with the colors of their costumes kept consistent. Hair department head Camille Friend referenced traditional African art, fabrics, hair, and textures, and the current-day natural hair movement in her designs. Friend strived to keep the actors' hair natural, using "braids, locs and twists", and when necessary, extensions and wigs.

As with Carter, Friend designed each tribe to have their own identifiable aesthetic, such as the Jabari Tribe having hair styled with "very straight, clean lines" and war-paint detail, inspired by Senegalese warriors. She wanted to "push" that language and feature more contrast in color.

Visual effects supervisor Geoff Baumann provided Morrison with before-and-after shots of scenes from Civil War so she could understand what elements are captured on set and what is created digitally.

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Morrison said that lighting was her biggest challenge, the magnitude of which "was much bigger than I'd experienced before", and made extensive use of Arri SkyPanel LED light fixtures, which she could preprogram from an iPad. Some sets were completely surrounded by SkyPanels. Shortly after filming started, Kani's son Atandwa stated that he would appear in the film alongside his father, the latter reprising the role of T'Chaka, [45] while on-set photographs revealed that Martin Freeman would reprise his role as Everett K.

Dialect coach Beth McGuire worked to ensure there was continuity between the various actors who had to use "Wakandan accents".

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He felt that this aided his performance, since his character is separate from and in conflict with the other characters. Because of this, Jordan kept to himself while he was on set. Additional filming took place in South Korea, [] with the city of Busan serving as the setting of a car chase scene that involved cars and over people. Black Panther was edited by Michael Shawver and Debbie Berman , with Shawver spending time on set during filming as well as at an editing suite near the Atlanta production base.

For instance, Shawver felt that initial versions of the first Warrior Falls fight fell "flat" and used techniques he learned working with Coogler on Creed to have the editing move back-and-forth to mimic the back-and-forth of the fighters. He also felt that adding more reaction shots to the crowd during the fight gave more weight to T'Challa's victory at the end. Coogler agreed, and subsequently added female Jabari fighters to the scene through additional photography, including the first onscreen Jabari fighter in the scene. Berman felt that this was an important change that would not have been made if only men were editing the film.

As first hinted by Coogler in January , [] the film includes two post-credit scenes : one showing T'Challa address the United Nations; and one featuring Sebastian Stan reprising his role as Bucky Barnes. Coogler felt having this symmetry was important. His intention with the scene was to inspire the audience by making T'Challa seem like a real person in a familiar, real-world environment, similar to how Tony Stark was treated in Iron Man He did not feel the character fit in the body of the film, but felt that an end-credits scene was appropriate.

Comparing Black Panther to other MCU films, Baumann noted that the visual effects department often have free rein when creating otherworldly science fiction designs, but had to be more specific with this film due to the need to be authentic to African culture and geography. For the Warrior Falls environment, the amphitheater-like cliff walls had to be populated with digital spectators that could not simply be copy-and-pasted around the set due to the precise costume designs created by Carter for each tribe and character.

Instead, the visual effects department had to work with the costumers to individually model each digital extra for the sequence. Additionally, visual effects were also used to adjust the opening sequence after test audiences were confusing the characters of T'Chaka and T'Challa, both dressed as the Black Panther.


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Artists digitally added some grey to T'Chaka's beard and gold trimmings to his suit to help differentiate the characters. ILM was primarily responsible for creating the digital urban environments of Wakanda. ILM VFX supervisor Craig Hammack compared this work to his time on Tomorrowland , but noted the additional challenge of not just building a futuristic city, but also one that was culturally appropriate.