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Mallory and Adams, however, reject this reconstruction on linguistic grounds. One common myth found in nearly all Indo-European mythologies is a battle ending with a hero or god slaying a serpent or dragon of some sort. In Hittite mythology , the storm god Tarhunt slays the giant serpent Illuyanka. Several variations of the story are also found in Greek mythology as well. The original Proto-Indo-European myth is also reflected in Germanic mythology.

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Reflexes of the Proto-Indo-European dragon-slaying myth are found throughout other branches of the language family as well. In Slavic mythology , Perun , the god of storms, slays Veles and Dobrynya Nikitich slays the three-headed dragon Zmey.

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In Armenian mythology , the god Vahagn slays the dragon Vishap. In Celtic mythology , Dian Cecht slays Meichi. The myth is believed to have symbolized a clash between forces of order and chaos. A reconstructed creation myth involving the two is given by David W. Anthony , attributed in part to Bruce Lincoln : [] Manu and Yemo traverse the cosmos, accompanied by the primordial cow, and finally decide to create the world. To do so, Manu sacrifices either Yemo or the cow, and with help from the sky father, the storm god and the divine twins, forges the earth from the remains. Manu thus becomes the first priest and establishes the practice of sacrifice.

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Trito is now the first warrior and ensures that the cycle of mutual giving between gods and humans may continue. This becomes obvious in the Norse primeval being Ymir whichs name translates as twin , double being or hermaphrodite , but it is also the case for the Indian Yama etc. In the Indo-European cosmogonic myths this hermaphrodite or twin primeval being is sacrificed or self-sacrifices and from its corpse the world or the World tree emerges. The two complementary quantities form a union, subsequently this union is separated what causes the universe, symbolized as the world tree, to come into existence.

The early "history" of Rome is widely recognized as a historicized retelling of various old myths. Later, Romulus himself is said to have been torn limb-from-limb by a group of senators. In general the union of complementary principles, like in this case the union of fire and water, appears to be a fundamental and repeating pattern in Proto-Indo-European mythology.

Other examples include the hermaphrodite, twin or two-fold primeval being from that the world tree emerges, the marriage union of the Sky Father with the Earth Mother , the Dawn goddess that is the personified union of night and day and in general the often complementary character of the triads. Most Indo-European traditions contain some kind of Underworld or Afterlife.

The belief in reincarnation was common in many ancient Indo-European cultures.

Indo-European Sacred Space: Vedic and Roman Cult

The Proto-Indo-Europeans may have believed in some kind of world tree axis mundi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Peoples and societies. Religion and mythology.

Historical Vedic religion

Indo-European studies. Scholars Marija Gimbutas J. Main article: Sky father. Further information: Chaoskampf.

Main article: Otherworld. Mythology portal. West notes that these names may be the result of classical influence from Plato. This has been published in an Everyman edition, translated by W. Roberts, E. Princeton University Press. Indo-European Poetry and Myth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, The History of Herodotus, Vol.

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Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Ward "The Divine Twins". Folklore Studies , No. Romulus and Remus, Mars and Quirinus. Archaic Roman Religion. Translation from French by P. Prehistoric Antiquities of the Aryan Peoples. Frank Byron Jevons.

Roman cult of the period illuminated by literature and monuments was a confluence of Indo-European inheritance, Etruscan and Greek elements, and home-grown Italic, Latin, and Roman innovations. This theory has captivated many, especially among the linguists and popularizers; Woodard is its ardent supporter.

Woodard has made his name with studies in Greek and Indo-European linguistics; his previous forays into the realm of Roman religion were the notes to the Penguin translation of Ovid's Fasti and a piece on "The Disruption [End Page ] of Time in Myth and Epic" Arethusa 35 []: 83— The book consists of five chapters. Here is a synopsis:.

Indo-European Sacred Space: Vedic and Roman Cult by Roger D. Woodard

Now there were in Rome fifteen priests called flamines , three of whom were Maiores : the priests of Jupiter, Mars, and Quirinus— Flamen Dialis , Martialis , and Quirinalis. But Woodard discovers still another minor triad. Before Jupiter's temple was built, various deities had inhabited the hill. Two of them, Juventas and Terminus, despite all the religious ceremonies and entreaties, refused to relocate, and Access options available:.

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